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What is tartar (dental calculus) and why is it a concern?Even if you practise the best oral hygiene, bacteria will be found in your mouth. These bacteria, along with proteins and food by-products, form a sticky film called dental plaque. This film coats your teeth. Plaque is most prevalent in areas that are hard to clean, like the molars, just along the gum line and around fillings or other dental products.
Plaque is bad news. Every time you eat, these bacteria secrete acids that can damage your tooth enamel and lead to cavities. The acids can also cause inflammation and infection to your gums. But, if you remove plaque regularly with proper hygiene, this assault can be prevented from leading to permanent tooth decay.
If plaque is allowed to remain and harden, which can happen after just 26 hours, it hardens into tartar, or dental calculus. Once tartar has mineralised onto your teeth, it is far more difficult to remove than plaque.
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What effects does tartar (dental calculus) have on teeth and gums?Once tartar forms, it can be more difficult to brush and floss your teeth effectively. The acids released by the bacteria in your mouth are more likely to break down your tooth enamel. That leads to cavities and tooth decay - one of the most common health complaints in the world. Tartar that develops above the gum line can be especially serious. That's because the bacteria it harbours can irritate and damage gums. Over time, this inflammation can lead to progressive gum disease, which can have serious consequences if left untreated. The mildest form of gum disease is called gingivitis. This is the initial stages of gum inflammation caused by the presence of plaque and tartar on the teeth. Gingivitis can usually be stopped and reversed with careful brushing, flossing, and regular cleaning by dental professionals.
If tartar is not removed and gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress into a more serious form of gum disease known as periodontitis, whereby pockets form between the gums and teeth. Those pockets become infected by bacteria beneath the gums. The body's immune system releases chemicals to fight the bacteria, which, along with the substances the bacteria release, can damage the bone and other tissues that hold the teeth in place. This can ultimately lead to tooth loss and bone degradation. In addition, studies have shown that bacteria in gum disease may contribute to heart disease and other conditions.
DENTAL SOLUTION: Do dental SCALLING every 6 month.